Mugunghwa: The National Korean Flower (Updated 2024)

In eastern Asia, there is a country called South Korea. The Korean people are famous for respecting their traditions. It is a country with great cultural traditions and is well known for growing vibrant and beautiful flower plants in its gardens. One of the famous and historical flowers is the Mugunghwa, which is the National Korean flower. The Mugunghwa holds a significant place in Korean culture and history. Read this article, to learn all about the national flower of Korean.
National Korean Flower

What is The National Korean Flower

The Mugunghwa (무궁화) is the national Korean flower, also known as the rose of Sharon. In North Korea, the national flower is also the Mugunghwa. However, it is referred to as the “kimilsungia” or “kimjongilia” in honor of the country’s former leaders, Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il . The korean flower mugunghwa Mugunghwa is the symbol of national unity, pride, sprit and honor among Korean people.

National Korean Flower Meaning and Symbolism

The Korean country flower, Mugunghwa flower is unique in its meaning and symbolism. The literal meaning of Mugunghwa is an eternal flower that never vanishes. Korean people have faced several challenges in the past, but they never faded. They always showed strength and unity towards their nation. Mugunghwa, with its bright yellow and white petals, has a tendency to grow in harsh conditions. Which indicates the strength of the Korean people.
In Korean culture Mugunghwa flower symbolises resilience, abundance, national identity and strength. It is also a symbol of beauty, hope, and national pride of the Korean people.

History and Origin of Korean National flower

Koreas National flower Mugunghwa which is also known as korean rose appeares in national emblems of Korea. Hibiscus Syriacus which is native to china was brought to Japan in 8th century for cultivation purpose. But before 9th century it was introduced in Korean peninsula according to some reports. In Korea its leaves are used in tea and flowers are eaten by the people. In 16th century the flower was introduced and grown in European gardens.
In Korean Culture the Mughunghwa has a long cultural history. It was often reffered as the “Blossom from heaven” even before the Gojoseon era. It was used in art and literature of  Korea, and  was also a popular motif for embroidery and other traditional crafts.
The Mugunghwa became the symbol of Korean independence in the early 20th century. The Korean people planted the Mugunghwa as a symbol of hope for freedom during the Japanese occupation (1910-1945).
When korea Got independence from japan, then it was officially declared as the National flower of Korea. The flower is now a symbol of national pride and can be found everywhere in national flags to traditional clothing. It is a symbol of strength, resilliance and hope for future.
National korean flower

Rose of Sharon: National flower of Korea

Rose of Sharon is the other name of Hibiscus Syriacus, which is the national Korean flower. It is a species of Mallow family, and is native to south central and south east china. The common names of this flower are Syrian ketmia, shrub althea (or simply althea), and rose mallow in USA.
 It is a hardy deciduous shrub that grows to up to 7-13 feet tall. The flowers come in various colors like blue, purple, red, and white. The flowers consist of five petals and are 3-5 inches in diameter. The blooming period is from mid-summer to October. This flower has the unique property that it can grow in harsh conditions, thus requiring less effort to grow.

Koraen Flower Arrangement

Korean flower arrangement is also called as “Korean Hwabaek” . This old art showcases the beauty of nature through placement of branches, leaves and flowers.
There are various arrangements which can be done through Korean flowers. The “Cheong-Hwa” style indicates the gentle and delicate flowers. while the “Yak-Hwa” style shows the vibrant, bold and dynamic conditions.
There is another arrangement made of Korean flowers called cocoji. Cocoji is an art that places stress on simplicity, elegance, and harmony with nature.
 In this type of Cocoji arrangement, flowers and branches are arranged in a natural and asymmetrical way. The aim is to develop a sense of harmony and balance. Cocoji is a best and beautiful way to to express the art form that can be enjoyed by all ages of people.

How to Grow National flower of South Korea

Growing the Korean national flower or the rose of sharon is a popular practice in Korea. The flower is famous for growing in harsh conditions. It means it can be easily grown in gardens or lawns. It requires less efforts to cultivate the plant , but make sure the plant is grown in a place where there is plenty of sunlight. It also needs regular watering and pruning to thrive well.
Every plant is getting effected by pests and diseases, be sure to protect your plants from diseases. Make regular inspection of your plants so that they can bloom in their best way.
National korean flower

Fun facts about the National Korean Flower are :

Fun facts about Korea’s national flower are as below:

1. Its scientific name is Hibiscus Syriacus and is a member of the mallow family.
2. It is a symbol of Korea and was officially adopted as countries national flower in 1996.
3. It is famous for its hardiness and can grow in harsh conditions.
4. The Mugunghwa appears in numerous Korean poems and songs .
5. It is frequently depicted in Korean art, such as paintings and pottery.
6. It is a favored souvenir for tourists visiting Korea.


National Korean flower is one of the famous flowers in Korean history. It has great cultural significance and rich history. The ability of the plant to grow in harash conditions makes it a hope for freedom from Japanese occupation among Korean people. Its unique qualities make it the symbol of national pride and strength. The flower is now a national flower of Korean country.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. What flowers are native to Korea?
Ans: The Native flowers to Korea are Mugunghwa, Royal Azalea, Cherry blossom, Korean Bellflower, Chinese mahonia, Korean Aster, Korean Gentian, Korean Pulsatilla and Korean Wild Chrysanthemum.
Q. What is the unique flower in Korea?
Ans: The unique flower is Mugunghwa which is the national flower of Korea.
Q.  What is the Korean Parents Day flower?
Ans: The carnation.
Q. What is lily flower in Korean?
Ans:  The “백합” (baekhab) is the Korean lily flower.
Q. What is the Korean National flower?
Ans: The Mughunghwa
Ans: It is celebrated on 21st of March every year.

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